The process of harvesting stem cells from the bone is a routine procedure performed by orthopedic surgeons and hematologists almost daily throughout the country.
Bone marrow, which is the “pulp” in the middle of the bone, contains a rich supply of stem cells, platelets and growth factors. The bone marrow is the factory where stem cells, blood cells and platelets are made. Typically, bone marrow aspirate concentration (BMAC) can be injected directly into an injured joint or it can be concentrated.
Once the site for harvest has been selected, which can be the tibia or the hip bone, the site is cleansed with betadine and anesthetized with lidocaine. Dr. Bissoon uses a small drill to gain access into the bone marrow and harvest the bone marrow.
The BMAC can then be further concentrated prior to injection or it can be injected directly into the joint. For optimal results, Dr. Bissoon recommends the concentration of bone marrow stem cells.
The entire procedure takes approximately 60-90 minutes. Patients are advised not exercise or participate in any vigorous activity for four to five days following the procedure.